airborne transmission

AA Homepage Articles | Healthy Air |

Airborne Transmission of Coronavirus

3 minute read

Airborne Transmission in Tight Spaces

Medical professionals from the preeminent organizations on public health Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World Health Organization have started changing their stance that COVID-19 is airborne. This is important news. Prior to this, doctors hypothesized that COVID-19 was transmitted by droplets larger than aerosols and primarily through contaminated surfaces.

Unlike these heavier droplets, airborne diseases can be picked up in airstreams, can travel farther than heavier droplets, and require different prevention strategies.

For the sake of comparison and understanding, heavier droplets are like a bowling ball and smaller airborne droplets are like a ping-pong ball. The wind or airstream is going to have a greater impact on redirecting a ping-pong ball than it is a bowling ball. Subsequently, airborne droplets can be caught up in the airstream and recirculated throughout a poorly ventilated building. This recent development has fast-tracked the recent requirement for wearing masks while indoors.

A New York Times model shows how these droplets can spread from you to others around you.

Loud and Crammed Indoor Spaces

Loud and crammed indoor spaces like bars are also more vulnerable to airborne transmission. People are congregating in tight spaces and because of the noise levels; they have to talk louder thus expelling droplets more rapidly and forcefully.

The same thing can be said about weddings, church services, birthday parties, and funerals. These settings usually have people talking, singing, laughing, and crying in small indoor spaces leading to a higher chance of transmission and infection. Many of these same principles extend to office spaces, schools, healthcare settings, and other indoor places with large gatherings that require face-to-face communication.

For safe social gatherings, health professionals recommend heading outdoors. Despite the infinite amount of ventilation provided by the outdoors, droplets can still start concentrating after a long enough time of talking, laughing, etc. increasing the possibility of infection. For this, health professionals recommend staying distanced, moving, limiting guests, and wearing a mask.

If you are not staying in the same spot, like moving through a grocery store or walking, then your rate of infection decreases. Doctors are concerned with the dosage of droplets that leads to infection. As of the publication of this blog, doctors have not specified a dosage rate required for infection.

Asymptomatic Superspreaders

Doctors are also still exploring the differences between super-spreaders and less efficient spreaders. Superspreaders can rapidly spread coronavirus to others even if they are asymptomatic.

To help deter infections by asymptomatic superspreaders, cities and states are implementing mask mandates for indoor spaces since they help filter out larger droplets and can reduce spread. Many major retailers like Target, Walmart, Kroger, and Aldi are also requiring masks in stores, even if the local government has not mandated it. Many other retailers have erected Plexiglas barriers between shoppers and workers. Check with your local store to see their current mandates.

Detering Airborne Transmission with an Air Filter

Besides those physical barriers, another weapon to combat airborne transmission is an air filter. An air filter can capture these small particles and trap them, limiting their spread. MERV 16 filters capture up to 96% of virus-sized airborne particles and virus-sized airborne particles*.  The American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air-Conditioning Engineers recommends a minimum MERV rating of 13 to neutralize airborne viruses.

Using these filters in conjunction with an air purifier, helps you quickly change out the air. This process helps reduce the spread of airborne viruses. Filters are critical in helping capture those droplets circulating in the airstream. They do not have a 100 percent success rate and virus-laden droplets can still circulate even with an air purifier.

Along with our precautionary measures, air filters do help in limiting the spread of airborne viruses whether it is a whole-home or portable system.

Experts are also still trying to determine how long the virus lives on surfaces. This determines the risk involved in changing out those virus-filled air filters.

Protecting yourself against COVID-19 and other airborne viruses require a multi-part approach. Social distancing, frequently washing hands and surfaces, shielding your mouth and nose with a mask, and installing an air purifier are the best methods to keep you and your family safe.

Healthy Air System™

Aprilaire also offers a multi-part approach to indoor air quality in your home. This approach helps protect against airborne viruses and other airborne pollutants like mold, mildew, dander, and odors.

Along with air filtration, we recommend humidity control and fresh air ventilation to best attack those indoor air quality issues as part of our Healthy Air System™. This suite of solutions uses humidity control to impact those airborne pollutants’ living environment. Air filtration and fresh air ventilation combine to capture airborne pollutants and bring in fresh air to reduce the proliferation of airborne viruses.

Medical professionals are still learning more about this novel virus. Until there is a vaccine, it is best to take as many precautions to protect yourself and your family. You can help protect yourself by wearing a mask, social distancing, and washing hands and surfaces frequently. This virus has a mortality rate of around 3 to 4 percent and for those that have recovered; it can have long-lasting health impacts as it attacks your heart and brain. To stay-up-to-date, continue to monitor your local and state health department, and follow CDC guidelines.

Healthy Air Is on the Way

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HVAC system

AA Homepage Articles | Healthy Air |

HVAC System Upgrades Crucial to Reopening Country

2 minute read

For the first time in nearly 50 years, the United States is facing dire consequences from a global pandemic. As COVID-19 continues to spread throughout the country, it has elevated the topic of indoor air from an afterthought to top-of-mind. Even though prior to the pandemic, nearly ninety percent of our day was spent indoors where, according to the EPA, the air is up to 5 times more polluted than the air outdoors.

Weighing the Risks of Going Out

Americans weigh the risks of eating in restaurants, drinking in bars, going back to work, and sending children back to school. States have been forced to try to walk the tightrope of balancing those freedoms and mandating public health measures such as mask-wearing, social distancing, and cleaning.

President-elect Joe Biden detailed how his incoming administration would address those concerns on his transition team website. His website states that the government would provide money to help businesses reopen safely and to “pass an emergency package to ensure schools have the additional resources they need to adapt effectively to COVID-19.”

HVAC System  Upgrades Needed

An HVAC system equipped with proper ventilation, humidity, and air filtration can potentially help reduce the transmission rate of airborne viruses. Although it is not going to eliminate COVID-19, it will allow businesses, their customers, schools, student’s parents, and public health directors to both reopen safely and adapt effectively – requirements of President-elect Biden’s emergency package.

For many schools, the current HVAC systems are antiquated and are in need of revamping. Equipping schools and businesses with proper HVAC systems is not cheap, but utilizing the power and magnitude of the federal government to implement this type of overhaul is the only way to move toward a healthier future.

Reduce Airborne Diseases with HVAC System

These updates will even help when dealing with seasonal illnesses like influenza or other respiratory illnesses like allergens and asthma. While airborne diseases may affect the body differently, they all transmit through the air. By controlling humidity, increasing ventilation, and purifying the air – indoor air gets cleaner. The effectiveness of these mechanical solutions increases amidst other protocols such as mask-wearing and social distancing.

Healthy Air Better for Everyone

The benefits of providing healthy indoor air quality standards stretch beyond just physical health too. Multiple studies have established that healthy air contributes positively toward increased creativity, attention, and productivity. A study found that people who worked with a pollution source, such as carpet, were less productive than those who worked in a room without a pollution source.

Lastly, healthy air should be a right for everyone. Equipping schools and businesses with proper HVAC equipment will help to ensure that future generations are healthier and better protected from future airborne diseases. In addition, If every business and school were capable of providing healthy indoor air, then the government could establish national indoor air standards, per recommendations from leading indoor air quality experts. This type of initiative by the incoming administration is a start to help provide healthy air to everyone and allow people to breathe a little easier amidst a global health crisis.

Invest in greater health, virus protection, fewer
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sleep environment

Aprilaire Partners Logged In Homepages | Healthy Air |

Sleep Better: How Healthy Air Affects Your Sleep Environment

2 minute read

November is the perfect time to start thinking about your sleep environment. For one, you’re going to need plenty of it after your Thanksgiving feast. On top of that, November is known by some as “Sleep Comfort Month.” Coincidence?

Sleep plays a vital role in your overall health. Not only how much you sleep, but also the quality of that sleep. You may already have your pillow game down and your favorite flannel sheets put on for the winter, but what about the air you’re breathing in while you sleep?

Fresh Air

In an ideal sleep environment, your Indoor Air Quality would be a top priority–right up there with quietude and light-blocking.

You can begin to prioritize your air with an Aprilaire whole-home air purifier that removes allergens and irritants, helping you fall asleep faster and wake up feeling refreshed.

By programming an “Air Cleaning Event” for about an hour before bed, you’ll be able to breathe fresh air all night and wake up without a stuffy nose or itchy throat as part of your morning routine.

Cool Air

Of course, everyone has a preference when it comes to their perfect sleeping temperature, so do what works best for you. In general, a cooler temperature is better suited for a good night’s sleep.

Our bodies’ temperatures normally fluctuate throughout the day, so we are naturally cooler by nighttime. Creating a cooler sleep environment, somewhere between 60-70°F, helps increase natural feelings of tiredness and allows you to fall asleep faster.

Other Smart Sleep Environment Strategies

Beyond the air you sleep in, add any or all of the following tips to your sleep routine for optimal comfort and rest:

Get in sync with your body’s circadian rhythm.

  • Go to bed and wake up at the same time every night
  • Don’t sleep in on the weekends
  • Avoid napping for longer than twenty minutes
  • Expose yourself to natural sunlight as close to waking up as possible to kick-start your body’s natural rhythm
  • Try to spend time outside during the daylight or work next to a window with lots of natural light
  • Try a light therapy box if none of these are possible for your living or working atmosphere
  • Avoid any screen time for at least 30 minutes before bed (1-2 hours is even better)
  • Make sure your room is as dark as possible for sleep and keep the lights down if you need to get up during the night

Make wise choices when it comes to what you put in your body.

  • Reduce the amount of sugar and refined carbs in your diet as they can cause wakefulness at night
  • Avoid big meals at night
  • Limit caffeine and nicotine after 2 pm as the stimulants in them can really disrupt sleep
  • Don’t drink a lot of liquids–especially alcohol–within 1-2 hours of bed

Create a healthy routine.

  • Regular exercise as part of your daily routine is beneficial as long as it isn’t within 2-3 hours of bedtime
  • Try some light stretching, yoga, deep breathing, or meditation to relax your mind and body for transitioning into sleep
  • Don’t wear your everyday clothes to bed. Instead wear dedicated “sleepwear” so your body is prompted that it’s time to rest
  • Unload your brain before trying to go to sleep. Make a list of what’s bothering you or tasks you need to complete and set them aside until tomorrow so your mind can relax

 

experiments

AA Homepage Articles | Family |

Family Learning: Child Friendly Experiments For Staying Healthy

2 minute read

There has never been a more critical time to teach children the importance of keeping their germs to themselves. But more than simply telling children they need to wash their hands and wear a mask, you can have a real impact by showing them in enjoyable experiments what germs are and how they spread.

Staying Healthy Experiments For Kids

Glitter, Glitter, Everywhere

In this experiment, glitter is used to represent our germs and how they spread from one thing to another throughout our day if we don’t wash our hands.

Most parents already know that glitter is difficult to get off, which reinforces the importance of washing hands for at least 20 seconds to thoroughly remove harmful germs.

Make A Wish

Typically you want to blow out all the candles on your birthday cake or it means your wish won’t come true. But with this experiment, the more candles left burning, the better!

Everyone’s favorite science guy, Bill Nye, showed how this experiment works in a short video. By trying to blow out the candles through various types of materials, kids can see how some are more effective than others. And it serves as a reminder that masks are an important part of reducing the spread of germs when we cough, sneeze, spit or breathe too close to someone else.

Come Out, Come Out, Wherever You Are

It can be a hard concept for young children to understand: There are things in the air that we can’t see that can make us sneeze, cause food to go bad, or make us very sick.

With a few simple household items in this experiment, you can help shed some light on the mystery and reinforce the lessons you’re trying to teach kids about staying healthy. This particular experiment focuses on air quality, which is important to keep in mind at home, in school, and wherever kids venture off to.

Goals For Kids

All these experiments share common learning objectives.

The goals are for kids to:

  • Understand what germs are
  • Know that germs are everywhere (the air, our hands, surfaces we touch), but are too small to see with our eyes
  • Understand that everyone has germs and some germs make people sick
  • Understand that washing hands, wearing masks, and keeping our hands out of our mouths, eyes, and noses will help reduce the spread of germs

 

 

AA Homepage Articles | News |

Experiencing the Fight For Air Climb

2 minute read

Before the Fight For Air Climb

Entering the US Bank Center for the American Lung Association’s Fight For Air Climb was a rush of energy.

This seemed less like an arduous trek up 1,000 stairs and more of an indoor festival. There were volunteers ready to greet you and pump you up for the ensuing climb and people from different companies sitting at tables ready to hand out souvenirs.

They were probably also there to distract you after you just got done instinctively looking up toward the top of the 47-story US Bank Center in downtown Milwaukee becoming a little uneasy at the prospect of your journey upward.

Before you made your climb, you gathered as a team and took several escalators down to the basement level before getting warmed up with a quick aerobic routine. Then you took a long and winding tunnel where you greeted by more volunteers who were cheering you on. It was hard not to feel inspired and excited.

During the Fight For Air Climb

One-by-one people took off up toward the top of the US Bank Center to begin their Fight For Air Climb. I, like most, started off confidently and quickly. I took the first six flights easily, but then by flight eight, I began to fight for air. I now understand why they title this climb just that. My mind and my body were at odds. I couldn’t decide whether I wanted to continue at the same pace to get it over with as quickly as possible or to slow down and feel better. I went with the former.

Everyone in the stairwell was trudging onward with the same dilemma. We all were gasping for air as we kept pushing up each step and each flight toward the top of the Fight For Air Climb. At several points, I wondered if I was actually making any progress.

Every 10 flights there was a group of volunteers handing out cups of water and words of encouragement. Both were sorely needed to help push me along.

With each passing flight, I kept a tally of how many flights I had left. Twenty flights down, 27 more flights to go; 30 flights down, 17 flights to go; Ok, 40 flights down, 7 to go. By the time I got to the 40th floor, I knew I could make the last push to make it to the top of my Fight For Air Climb journey.

After the Fight For Air Climb

Eventually, I reached the top after 9 minutes and 31 seconds. At the top of the stairwell, I was met by volunteers who were cheering me on and by other climbers who were also catching their breath and taking in the picturesque views of Milwaukee and Lake Michigan afforded to us by the tallest building in Wisconsin.

As I grabbed a water and walked around soaking in both the views of the city and my accomplishment, it was really cool to watch teams taking pictures together or greeting other climbers with high-fives and smiles. There was a certain camaraderie found in a common struggle.

Despite the lingering soreness, I cannot wait for next year’s climb. No matter if I beat my time from this year or not, it’s about fighting for air together and helping those impacted with lung disease.

To join an upcoming climb in a city near you, visit www.lung.org/aprilaire.

Healthy Air | News |

Aprilaire Partner Contractor Joins Fight For Air Climb

2 minute read

“What can you do or say when your family is suffering such losses? It’s devastating,” said Christopher Ciongoli, HVAC salesman/estimator with Aprilaire partner Whalen & Ives.

Chris is participating in the NYC American Lung Association Fight For Air Climb on April 4, 2020. When he heard that Aprilaire was the national Healthy Air sponsor of the event he signed on to the Aprilaire team.

“An opportunity to make difference just appeared to me on Jan 10th in an email from Aprilaire informing me about the Fight for Air Climb. This was it. This is how I would help make a difference and support my wife as well as so many others that are impacted by lung disease”.

Lung disease became an all too familiar fixture in Chris’s life last year when his brother-in-law, mother-in-law, and father-in-law all died from lung disease.

As of February 7, he’s raised 90 percent of his fundraising goal. Not only is Chris excited to help raise funds and awareness, he told us he’s already reaping the benefits of training for the 849-step climb.

“My blood pressure has dropped, my pants are getting loose, and my dog Crosby is getting back in shape too!”

Every morning he goes out with dog Crosby and strengthens his legs and increases his stamina to make sure he can make it to the 44th floor of the 1290 Avenue of Americas building in New York City.

Read more of Chris’s incredible journey by going to his page. Thank you for your efforts, Chris and we cannot wait to hear more.

For more information about the Fight For Air Climb and to find an event in your area, go to https://www.lung.org/aprilaire. To learn how to train for your own climb, head to our page where we share training tips to help you prepare for your own Fight For Air Climb.

It’s Time to Care About Healthy Air
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